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Michael McGloin COPD Support

 

“Alone we can do so little : Together we can make a difference.”

Registered Charity Number CHY 19979

 
“Smokers” By the time you have your first symptom your lungs are already damaged 

   

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STAY AT HOME except for the following 5 reasons From Monday 18th May, under Phase 1,
You are advised to Stay at Home and avoid unnecessary journeys, except for the following 5 reasons:
 
1. to go to work, if your place of work is open and you cannot work from home.
 
2. to shop for items you need
 
3. to exercise within 5km of your home.
 
4. for medical reasons or to care for others.
 
5. to meet friends or family outside, within 5km of your home, in groups of no more than 4.
 
*Older people and those who are cocooning should continue to stay at home, except for brief outdoor exercise within 5km of their home.
Reopening PHASE 1.
 
Other facilities that can open on the 18th of May. outdoor public amenities and tourism sites, such as carparks, beaches, and mountain walks may reopen. outdoor public sports amenities, like playing pitches, tennis courts, and golf courses may reopen. outdoor sports and fitness activities in groups of NO MORE THAN FOUR are permitted within 5km of your home and providing there is no physical contact. school and college buildings may reopen for teachers and lecturers to facilitate remote learning. Only stores providing homeware incidental to primary retail functions set out in the original Essential Services list are to reopen in Phase 1.
It is not intended that stores that might also classify themselves as homeware, but primarily sell items such as furniture, bedding, curtains, kitchenware, crockery, or other such items and so on, should open. During Phase 1,
 
it is intended that customers should restrict visits to such stores for essential supplies. All retailers are encouraged to continue to provide on-line services where that is possible and appropriate to minimise footfall.
 
All of these outlets must implement physical distancing measures and measures set out in the Return to Work Safely Protocol. The Return to Work Safely Protocol is the operative guide for employees and employers as sectors of our economy reopen. In reaching its decision, the government also considered the social and economic implications of the COVID-19 restrictions and was briefed by the Minister for Health on the latest data regarding the progression of COVID-19 in the community and the capacity of our health service.

What is C.O.P.D and how does it affect you

C.O.P.D.—Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

C.O.P.D. is a debilitating lung disease that is progressive and is irreversible and is linked to smoking in most cases and affecting over 110,000 Irish people. C.O.P.D. is the second largest cause of respiratory deaths in Ireland. C.O.P.D. obstructs the airways, making breathing difficult. Patients with C.O.P.D. including those with Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema are estimated to account for almost a quarter of deaths in Ireland. In Ireland, about 7,000 people die each year from smoking-related diseases. This is 10 times more than the number killed each year in road incidents.

About a quarter of all regular smokers are killed prematurely by their smoking. Those killed loose an average of 10-15 years of potential life. Smoking is a major cause of 90% of lung cancer deaths, 25% of deaths from heart disease, and about 75% of deaths from C.O.P.D. Bronchitis and Emphysema. There are different stages of C.O.P.D. these being mild, moderate, and severe.

Bronchitis and emphysema can occur separately but often develop together.This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Moving-picture-breathing-parr-of-lungs-animated-gif.gif

In Chronic bronchitis, the airways are narrowed by swelling and become infected with bacteria. The infection causes yellow or green sputum that blocks the narrow airways and makes breathing difficult.

In Emphysema, the tiny air sacs in the lungs become damaged. The walls of the air sacs (alveoli) stretch, rupture, and loose elasticity which cause a decrease in the ability of the lungs to exchange carbon dioxide and oxygen and can lead to the patient collapsing.

Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) is a condition that is passed from parents to their children through their genes.   This condition may result in serious lung and/or liver disease at various ages in life.   For each trait a person inherits, there are usually two genes and one gene comes from each parent. People with Alpha-1 have received two defective alpha-1 antitrypsin genes. One defective gene came from their mother and one from their father. There are many types of defective alpha-1 antitrypsin genes. The most common abnormal genes are called S and Z. Normal genes are called M. A person who does not have Alpha-1 will have two M genes (MM). People identified with Alpha-1 most commonly have two Z genes (ZZ). Current evidence suggests there are up to 100,000 people with Alpha-1 (ZZ) in the United States. Another deficient gene combination is SZ, although people with this gene combination are less likely to get lung or liver problems than those with two Z genes.

Alpha-1 occurs when there is a lack of a protein in the blood called alpha-1 antitrypsin or AAT that is produced by the liver. The main function of AAT is to protect the lungs from inflammation caused by infection and inhaled irritants such as tobacco smoke. The low level of AAT in the blood occurs because the AAT is abnormal and cannot be released from the liver at the normal rate. This leads to a build-up of abnormal AAT in the liver that can cause liver disease and a decrease of AAT in the blood that can lead to lung disease.

Bronchiectasis is an abnormal stretching and enlarging of the respiratory passages caused by mucus blockage. When the body is unable to get rid of mucus, mucus becomes stuck and accumulates in the airways. The blockage and accompanying infection cause inflammation, leading to the weakening and widening of the passages. The weakened passages can become scarred and deformed, allowing more mucus and bacteria to accumulate, resulting in a cycle of infection and blocked airways.

Bronchiectasis patients are often given antibiotics for infection and bronchodilator medicines to open passages. There are also physical therapy techniques to help clear mucus. Lung transplants are also an option for severe cases. Fatalities are uncommon but may result from massive hemorrhage.

If lung infections are treated immediately, bronchiectasis is less likely to develop. Bronchiectasis patients should avoid cigarette smoke and other irritants and refrain from using sedatives. Vaccinations against measles, influenza, and other infections could also be a good preventative measure.

Lung Fibrosis, also known as Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, results in the scarring of the lung tissue. This disease is caused by the reaction of the body to foreign elements. The Alveoli (air sacs) become inflamed and develop scars on the lung tissue in an attempt to repair itself.

Alveoli help the lungs breathe and release carbon dioxide. When the air sacs are scarred, the lung tissue is gradually replaced by fibrous tissue, which prevents the alveoli sacs from inhaling oxygen. The lung tissues harden causing shortness of breath, chronic dry cough, and discomfort in the chest. Inflammation of the lung tissue is the first sign of this disease.

This scarring of the lung tissue results in the permanent loss of transporting oxygen to the body. The more scarring of the tissue occurs, the less likely the patient will be able to breathe properly. The formation of scar tissue diminishes the ability of the alveolar sacs to function properly.

COPD causes strain on and enlargement of your heart, R/H Heart Failure, increased Blood Pressure in your Lungs (Pulmonary Hypertension).

Secondhand smoke (the smoke that drifts off the end of a burning cigarette)

Passive smoke (the smoke exhaled by someone who is smoking)

What causes C.O.P.D.?

The most important risk factor for C.O.P.D. is cigarette smoking. Passive exposure to cigarette smoke also contributes to respiratory symptoms and C.O.P.D. Other documented causes of C.O.P.D. include occupational dust and chemicals (vapors, irritants, and fumes), and indoor air pollution.

C.O.P.D. Symptoms

Symptoms such as cough, mucus production, and shortness of breath when walking even a short distance or climbing stairs.

How is C.O.P.D. diagnosed

A diagnosis of C.O.P.D. should be considered if a person has symptoms of cough, mucus production, and shortness of breath on exertion. However, the diagnosis should be confirmed by Lung Function Tests, which are used for diagnosis, assessment of severity, and following the course of the disease. This is best done by spirometry which is performed in your local hospital.

Why is C.O.P.D. under-diagnosed

Most people with symptoms of C.O.P.D.do not visit a doctor and are not diagnosed with C.O.P.D. until the disease has progressed to the point that disability is advanced.

Educating patients and physicians to recognize symptoms of C.O.P.D. and initiating treatment early in the course of the disease are essential public health care aspects of this disease.

GP’s

“Some GPs and/or their practice nurses carry out spirometry in their own surgeries, others refer patients to their local hospitals for this test. In some areas, the local hospitals do not have funding to provide direct access to general practitioners for spirometry, and GPs sometimes have no option but to refer such patients to a University hospital.”

Treatments

An effective treatment program includes four components of care:

(1) Assess and monitor disease

(2) Reduce risk factors

(3) Manage stable C.O.P.D. by both medication and non-medication interventions and

(4) Manage acute exacerbations – In the short-term worsening of C.O.P.D. symptoms that require medical attention at home or in the hospital. Smoking cessation is the single most effective – and slows its progression. Stable C.O.P.D. management includes the use of bronchodilators for symptoms and influenza vaccines.

Life after C.O.P.D/ /Rehab Unit

An 8-week Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program is required. First of all, you’re accessed and then you receive a one to one on exercise, advice, and tips on how to save the energy necessary for breathing. The Dietitian gives advice for a healthy diet. The OT explains relaxation and energy conservation. The pharmacist will explain your drugs and why you’re on them. You also view videos of people coping with C.O.P.D. Also, Aerobics, Relaxation, and oxygen therapy are explained. At the end of 8 weeks, you will be accessed again.

Pulmonary rehabilitation requires an element of commitment from you too. It does work, but you have your part to play.

Each November on World Awareness Day, A major public awareness campaign on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (C.O.P.D.) is held in most Hospitals.

If you have a debilitating chronic disease like C.O.P.D., it’s only logical for you to be fearful, depressed, frustrated, angry, and to suffer a deep loss of self-esteem. It’s even understandable to feel you have the right to some self-pity. But you also have the right to redirect those energies toward managing your disease and I’d like to help if I can.

         
 
Notice for Benbulben COPD members please read
For a copy of your free information pack on Cocooning with COPD,
TEXT the COPD followed by your name and address to 51444

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Benbulben COPD Support Group

We meet on the last Wednesday of every month

4 pm to 6 pm

in Sligo Southern Hotel

Nurse specialist Moira  will be there to answer questions

also special guest speakers…….

All members requested to attend, please

Come along for a cup of tea & a chat

Meet others with COPD  and their families

Special thank you to Management and staff of

Sligo Southern Hotel for sponsorship of a room and refreshments to hold our meetings and Rehab exercise classes during the year

The meeting will be open to anyone who has COPD and will be informal.

This will be an ideal opportunity for people with COPD and their families to discuss ways of making people more aware of COPD and how to cope with this debilitating disease.

Our Rehab Exercise Classes take place every Monday from 12 to 1 pm in the hotel ballroom

More information contact

Michael 071 9143172 …  0872448653

michael@copdsupport.ie

They Buried the Gift of Life today

World COPD Day

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This Site is dedicated to the memory of Oonagh McEvoy my Transplant Co-Ordinator who passed 

 Registered Charity Number CHY 19979

Contact:  michael@copdsupport.ie

“Alone we can do so little : Together we can make a difference.”

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is COPD-Pin-1.jpgThis image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Smoking-Pin-2.jpg

Lapel Pins created by Lori Palermo

© Oct.2006 Michael McGloin

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